What are Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins are twisted and enlarged veins caused by uneven blood flow. It is also known as varicosities. The most common occurrence is observed in legs and feet because walking or standing upright increases the pressure in the veins of the lower body. It appears swollen and red and most commonly has a bluish red color. It is often painful to have one. Some of the common causes of having it are pregnancy, menopause, obesity, age over 50, standing for long periods, and a family history of varicose veins.
This usually self-diagnosable disease has many types of treatments. Surgery is seldom needed. The vein specialist doctor in Ardsley does not prefer surgical methods until needed. Rather, they are more into less invasive treatments like physiotherapy and self-care.
Less Invasive Treatments for Varicose Veins
Some less invasive treatments for varicose veins include using medical devices, exercising, and losing weight. Less invasive medical procedures include laser therapy, sclerotherapy, radiofrequency ablation, and ambulatory phlebectomy.
Devices like elastic bands and compression stockings are very useful for mild and deep varicose. The symptoms for varicosities are quite evident and thus can be easily diagnosed with what kind of devices to use. Regular compression stockings and elastic bands can help blood flow normally after a certain amount of time as prescribed by the doctor.
Self-care plays an important part in this kind of problem. Excessive weight may cause misalignment of veins, as the most common places where varicose takes places are legs and feet. Thus, the vein specialist doctor in Ardsley prefers this method over any other. Being obese, one is prone to adopt varicosities.
Laser Therapy and Radiofrequency
Laser therapy and radiofrequency ablation are both the least invasive medical procedures. Both include injecting guide wires into the veins with the help of an intravascular needle. Then, after removing the guidewire, in the case of laser, the laser light is focused inside the diseased vein, eventually shrinking it, diverging the blood flow.
The vein eventually gets absorbed, and the place backs to normal. The result is similar in the case of Radiofrequency Ablation. Both are similar procedures and generally take less than an hour to conduct. No hospitalization is required for either of the cases.
Sclerotherapy, on the other hand, uses saline injections to ease blood flow. As local soluble anesthetics are used, patients are generally tested a week before for allergic and physical reactions. The main procedures involve injecting a saline solution with a very low anesthetic fluid inside the vein. This causes dilation of the blood and finally removes the clot. This procedure is generally applied when significant veins are blocked and cannot be treated as already deceased.
The ambulatory phlebectomy is a less invasive procedure but requires a few punching holes in the skin. It is generally done under local anesthesia to remove superficial veins that protrude and is developed by dermatologists to display very good cosmetic results.
After marking the places with the veins, with pens or markers, the doctor punches holes in the skin. Then he gently uses the tools to locate the veins and remove them manually through the holes. After completion, he seals the holes off. After six to eight weeks, the marks and swelling completely disappears if done correctly.
It is seen that varicose veins do not need surgery unless needed. Due to advancements in medical technology, many such problems are now easy to solve within a significantly minimal amount of time. Self-care and awareness are also the best ways to treat these problems or stay away from them.
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